The world has no shortage of philosophers having different ideals, wisdom and influence to the public. But one fact remains the same; they all have touched the lives of people, even today. Their philosophy and disposition on life have become a basis for some of the works today. Also, it is believed that philosophy is part of physical sciences.
Take a look at the greatest philosophers in history. This list gives you a glimpse on how the world’s greatest philosophers made an impact, and are still making, to the world.
The List Of The Greatest Philosophers In History
Aristotle was a great philosopher who was also the first to have written systems. These systems ought to understand and criticize anything, ranging from politics, logic, literature, ethics and science.
Plato established the first school of higher education in the Western world, known as the Academy of Athens. Almost every Western philosophy can be associated with Plato, a student of Socrates.
3. Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes is widely known as the “Father of Modern Philosophy”. He founded analytical geometry according to his very own Cartesian coordinate system. He also made the superscript notation, which is being used to indicate powers of exponents until today.
4. Paul of Tarsus
It was Paul who insisted that at least one of two of the traditions of the Jewish be kept as requirements, as well as the faith in Jesus Christ. He said that the the world must be under a state of Grace in Jesus, and not a state of Law, as what Moses told.
5. Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas was famous for proving that God exists. He argued that the universe itself was created by a supreme being. This was supported by the fact that everything in existence has a beginning and an end.
6. Zeno of Citium
Zeno founded the school of Stoicism. Stoicism centers on the idea that everything that is happening to us, or would make us suffer, is because of the error in our judgment. Therefore, we must always have total control over our emotions.
Avicenna lived in the Persian Empire. Aside from being a philosopher, he was regarded as the best preeminent physician in the world during his time. His two famous works are The Canon of Medicine and The Book of Healing.
Confucius is the most important philosopher in the Eastern history. Many believed that the Greek founded democracy, but Confucius had it written a long time before the Greek ever found out about it. In his Analects, Confucius said, “the best government is one that rules through ‘rites’ and the people’s natural morality, rather than by using bribery and coercion”.