With an estimated population of 1.2 billion, India is the world’s second most populous country after the People’s Republic of China.
It is also the largest democracy in the world, the 7th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations. India occupies 2.4 percent of the world’s land surface area and is home to 17.5 percent of the world’s population. The country is also popular for having the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
India is rich in terms of history. Many popular things of today originated in the country. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which initiated in India. The game of Snakes & Ladders started in the 13th century by poet saint Gyandev. Before, they call the game ‘Mokshapat’. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. People use owrie shells and dices to play the game.
The total geographical area of India is 3,287,240 square kilometres (1,269,210 sq mi). It is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories. Listed below is the list of the states that encompass the country.
The 29 states of India
1. Andhra Pradesh
Capital: Amaravati (proposed)
Chief Minister: Nara Chandrababu Naidu
2. Arunachal Pradesh
Chief Minister: Pema Khandu
Chief Minister: Sarbananda Sonowal
Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar
Chief Minister: Dr. Raman Singh
Chief Minister: Manohar Parrikar
Chief Minister: Vijay Rupani
Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar
9. Himachal Pradesh
Chief Minister: Virbhadra Singh
10. Jammu and Kashmir
Chief Minister: Mehbooba Mufti
Chief Minister: Raghubar Das
Chief Minister: Siddaramaiah
Chief Minister: Pinarayi Vijayan
14. Madhya Pradesh
Chief Minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Chief Minister: Devendra Fadnavis
Chief Minister: N. Biren Singh
Chief Minister: Dr. Mukul Sangma
Chief Minister: Pu Lal Thanhawla
Chief Minister: Dr. Shurhozelie Liezietsu
20. Odisha (Orissa)
Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik
Chief Minister: Amarinder Singh
Chief Minister: Ms. Vasundhara Raje
Chief Minister: Pawan Chamling
24. Tamil Nadu
Chief Minister: Edappadi K. Palanaswami
Chief Minister: K. Chandrasekhara Rao
Chief Minister: Manik Sarkar
27. Uttar Pradesh
Chief Minister: Yogi Adityanath
Chief Minister: Trivendra Singh Rawat
29. West Bengal
Chief Minister: Ms. Mamata Banerjee
The Top Ten States of India by Population
1. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the top one most densely Populated state in India. There are more than 210 million people living in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
The state has a growth rate of 9.42%, It is the second most populous state of India.
Bihar with a population of more than 116 million is the third most populous state of India.
4. West Bengal
West Bengal is the fourth most populous state of India with a population of over 95 million,
5. Andhra Pradesh
In terms of population, the state of Andhra Pradesh stands at fifth position.
6. Madhya Pradesh
The state is home to more than 79 million people in India, making it the sixth most populous state.
7. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is seventh most populous state in India with a total count of 77 million people in 2016.
Rajasthan is 8th largest state of India in terms of population.
According to Census of India, Karnataka is nine largest state of India.
Gujarat with a population of 66.3 million is the 10th most populous state of India.