Every country has its national symbols, but the Philippines, perhaps, is one of the countries that takes pride in its national symbols. These national symbols signifies the country’s sense of pride, patriotism and national identity. Filipinos are proud of the national symbols as they represent their culture. Take a look at these Philippine national symbols and know why they have become an integral part of every Filipino’s life.
List Of The Philippine National Symbols
1. National Hero (Dr. Jose Rizal)
Dr. Jose Rizal was considered the Philippine National Hero for his valor and ideals to free the Filipinos from the Spanish rule. Though he didn’t fight with any weapons, he fought the Spanish regime through writings. Because he was a threat to the Spanish rule, Dr. Jose Rizal was executed on December 30, 1896 at Bagumbayan (now known as Luneta). His legacy lives on even to these days.
2. National Anthem (Lupang Hinirang)
Lupang Hinirang or roughly translated as “Land of the Morning”, is the national anthem of the Philippines. Julian Felipe composed the music while Jose Palma wrote the lyrics. Filipinos take a great pride to their national anthem. Whenever and wherever the national anthem plays, Filipinos pause for a while, place their right finger on their left chest, and sing.
3. National Language (Filipino)
Filipino is the national language of the Philippines. The majority of Filipinos understand and speak Filipino, but there are hundreds of dialects in different parts of the country. Alternatively, Filipino can be associated with the dialect “Tagalog”.
4. National Footwear (Bakya)
Bakya or wooden clogs is the national footwear of the Philippines. This footwear was made from the woods of santol or laniti. Bakyas are so popular that they have become a favorite souvenir items of foreigners starting in the 1950s.
5. National Game (Sipa)
Sipa is the Philippine National Game, which can be related to Malaysia’s “Sepak Takraw”. It is popular among children as a pastime. The idea behind Sipa is to kick the “Sipa” high enough to reach your eyes, then kick it again and so on. The one with the most number of sequence made is the winner. However, Sipa is not that popular nowadays because of technology.
6. National Flower (Sampaguita)
Sampaguita or Arabian Jasmine is Philippines’ national flower. Its flowers are small and white in appearance, and they smell sweet.
7. National Vehicle (Kalesa)
Kalesa is a form of wagon being pulled by a horse. It was popular during the 19th century and at one point, it became the main mode of transportation. Today, you can still see kalesa in some parts of the Philippines, but most of them are for tourists.
8. National Gem (Philippine Pearls)
Philippine Pearls or South Sea Pearls appear to be white or golden. They are larger than any other types of pearls, which give them a significant value in the market. They are highly expensive and valuable.
9. National Dance (Cariñosa)
There’s been a debate on which dance would be the Philippine National Dance, though there are no proclamations about it. Cariñosa or Tinikling could be named as the national dance of the Philippines, even the former is closely related to the Filipinos. Cariñosa is a Filipino folk dance, which portrays the stages of courtship of a Filipino to a Filipina.
10. National Fish (Bangus)
Bangus or milkfish is one of the tastiest fish in the market. And it happens to be the national fish of the Philippines. Although bony, another variant, the “boneless bangus” is popular not only for Filipinos, but as well as other nationalities who have tried it.
11. National Costume for Men (Barong Tagalog)
Barong Tagalog is the national costume for men in the Philippines. It is made from rattan or pineapple shreds put together. The Barong Tagalog has preserved its look since it was invented. Nowadays, it is still widely used by politicians, as well as the President of the Republic of the Philippines.
12. National Costume for Women (Baro’t Saya)
On the other hand, Baro’t Saya is Filipina’s national customer. It’s a collar-less blouse and a rather conservative skirt. Most of the baro’t saya these days are hand made, which is why the amount of details to each of these garments are outstanding.
13. National Leaf (Anahaw)
Anahaw or “fan palm” is the Philippine national leaf. They are know for their leaves resembling the shape of a fan. Anahaw can be seen throughout the Philippines.
14. National Tree (Narra)
Narra is a large, durable tree. Narra symbolizes every Filipino’s strength and durability. They are not easily swayed by any problems, just like Narra not being swayed by strong winds. Today, cutting narra tree to be turned into furniture is prohibited.
15. National Dish (Lechon)
Lechon is the national dish and pride of the Filipinos. Lechon is a whole pig stuffed with spices and ingredients, slowly cooked over charcoals. They are favorite among feasts like birthdays, Noche Buena and Media Noche. Philippine Lechon is not complete without a side of thick liver sauce.
16. National House (Bahay Kubo)
Back in the days, bahay kubo or “nipa hut” were popular. They are made from bamboo and plam leaves. It is a good place to rest, particularly for farmers after a tiring day at the field. Nowadays, you can still buy nipa huts, and they have become a good resting place or a place where family and friends get to hang out.
17. National Fruit (Mangga)
Mangga or mango is the Philippine national fruit. It is delicious and refreshing. One mango is not enough because it is addicting. Today, mango is used for ice creams, cakes and sandwiches, which give a testament that it’s appeal will never vanish.
18. National Bird (Philippine Eagle)
The Philippine Eagle is the national bird of the Philippines. The Philippine eagle is an endangered species, which is why haunting or killing it is prohibited, and you may face jail time. It is among the largest and most powerful eagles in the world.
19. National Animal (Kalabaw)
Kalabaw or carabao is a tamed type of water buffalo. They are widely used for farming. And they are really helpful for farmers. They are persevering, tough and they are the companions of farmers through thick and thin. Carabaos also symbolize Filipinos’ persevering quality, even during hard times.