Lakes are land-locked bodies of water. It is entirely surrounded by land, and is apart from any bodies of water that will feed or drain it. Lakes are not part of the ocean, as they can be found on land. Although it is an enclosed body of water on land, it can be fed or drained by streams and rivers.
Ideally, natural lakes are found in mountainous areas, while some lakes can be found along mature rivers. Over the years, lakes will slowly fill in with sediments, or spill out of the basins that contain them. This proves that all lakes are temporary. In particular, there are lakes the have been artificially-created and constructed. They serve several uses such as agricultural and industrial. Some are built fir recreational and aesthetic purposes.
There are many lakes that can be found on different parts of the world. So many that they are not easy to count. However, there are the largest lakes in the world and serve an importance for the inhabitants, as well as the place where they are located.
We listed the largest lakes in the world in terms of area. Take a look at these lakes and find out some interesting facts about them, and why they are special.
*We did not include Aral Sea in the list, as it continues to shrink since the 1960s. It was formerly one of the largest lakes in the world with an area of 68,000 square kilometers, but because the rivers that sustained it were diverted to various Soviet irrigation projects, its once-mammoth area has diminished, and continues to deplete to these days.
List Of The Largest Likes In The World
1. Caspian Sea (394,299 square km.)
– Caspian Sea is the world’s largest lake by area. Take note that while Caspian Sea is called “sea”, it is not an actual sea. The origins of it being called as a sea can be traced back from the Romans. The Romans named it “Mare Caspium”, for its distinct, salty taste. But due to its geographical position, many geographers consider Caspian Sea as a lake. This body of water can be found in the boundaries of Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan. Caspian Sea has the characteristics of both seas and lakes.
2. Superior (82,414 square km.)
– Lake Superior is the largest lake of the give Great Lakes found in North America. It is located in the boundaries of the United States and Canada. It is likewise the second largest lake in the world. Its name refers to its size, as well as its position of all the Great Lakes. The lake is home to nearly 80 species of fish, which include trout, salmon and perch.
3. Victoria (69,485 square km.)
– Bound in Tanzania and Uganda, Lake Victoria is currently the third largest lake in the world. Also known as Victoria Nyanza, it is the largest lake in the African continent, as well as the main reservoir of the Nile River. It has an irregular quadrilateral shape. It serves as home to nearly 200 species of fish. The fish “Tilapia” is of abundance on Lake Victoria, and it serves an economic importance.
4. Huron (59,596 square km.)
– Lake Huron is the second largest lake of all five Great Lakes, and the fourth largest in the world. It also houses the Manitoulin Island; the largest lake island in the world. The term “Huron” was derived from the early French explorers who named the lake after the Huron people residing in the region.
5. Michigan (58,016 square km.)
– Of all the five Great Lakes, Lake Michigan is the only one located within the United States. This also makes Lake Michigan the world’s largest lake within one country. On the shore of Lake Michigan, Milwaukee and Chicago can be found. The word “Michigan” was originally referred to the lake. It is also believed to had been originated from the Ojibwa word “mishigami”. It means “great water” in English.
6. Tanganyika (32,893 square km.)
– Lake Tanganyika is the second largest lake found in Africa. Also, it is the world’s longest freshwater lake, as well as the second deepest next to Lake Baikal. The lake is also located on the line dividing western and eastern Africa. Crops such as rice are grown along the shores of Lake Tanganyika. Furthermore, fishing is of importance. The term Tanganyika means “plain-like lake”.
7. Baikal (31,500 square km.)
– Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and also has the world’s largest volume of freshwater at 23,000 cubic km. It is found in Russia, and it ranks seventh in the world’s largest lake list. It is believed that the lake is the world’s most ancient freshwater lake, with history that can be traced 20-25 million years ago. At the same time, Lake Baikal is one of the purest and clearest bodies of water.
8. Great Bear (31,080 square km.)
– Great Bear Lake is the largest lake in Canada. It is located in the Northwest Territories. The name originated from the words “Satudene”, which literally means “grizzly bear water people”. It was first explored by John Franklin in 1825. Also, the Great Bear Lake is one of the deepest lakes in North America, but it is likewise icebound for eight months each year.
9. Malawi (30,044 square km.)
– Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa, is a great lake in Africa. It is located between the nations of Malawi, Tanzania, and Mozambique. It is currently the ninth largest lake in the world and the third largest lake in Africa. Malawi Lake is composed of three layers, with different densities as a result of varying temperatures at each layer. There are two inhabited islands that can be seen in Lake Malawi; the Likoma Island and the Chizumulu Island.
10. Great Slave (28,930 square km.)
– Great Slave Lake is situated in the Northwest Territories. It is the second largest lake located within Canada, and the 10th largest in the world. The lake also shares its name with the Slavey First Nations. There are towns located on the lake, including Hay River, Fort Resolution, Yellowknife, Dettah and N’Dilo.